\ 油耗低至3.8L/以电为主 深度解析比亚迪DM-i超级混动
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油耗低至3.8L/以电为主 深度解析比亚迪DM-i超级混动

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油耗低至3.8L/以电为主 深度解析比亚迪DM-i超级混动易车原创最近大家都听说比亚迪推出了M超级混动,一箱油能跑公里,不用充电也做到了比丰田双擎车型更低的油耗成绩,究竟是怎么回事?本篇通过解析它的结构和原理,逐一给大......油耗低至3.8L/以电为主 深度解析比亚迪DM-i超级混动

正文:

易[yi]车[che]原[yuan]创[chuang]最[zui]近[jin]大[da]家[jia]都[du]听[ting]说[shuo]比[bi]亚[ya]迪[di]推[tui]出[chu]了[liao]M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong],一[yi]箱[xiang]油[you]能[nen]跑[pao]公[gong]里[li],不[bu]用[yong]充[chong]电[dian]也[ye]做[zuo]到[dao]了[liao]比[bi]丰[feng]田[tian]双[shuang]擎[qing]车[che]型[xing]更[geng]低[di]的[de]油[you]耗[hao]成[cheng]绩[ji],究[jiu]竟[jing]是[shi]怎[zen]么[me]回[hui]事[shi]?本[ben]篇[pian]通[tong]过[guo]解[jie]析[xi]它[ta]的[de]结[jie]构[gou]和[he]原[yuan]理[li],逐[zhu]一[yi]给[gei]大[da]家[jia]说[shuo]明[ming]。(注[zhu]:本[ben]文[wen]字[zi]数[shu]约[yue]字[zi],理[li]解[jie]难[nan]度[du]为[wei]颗[ke]星[xing],读[du]完[wan]有[you]助[zhu]于[yu]你[ni]理[li]解[jie]比[bi]亚[ya]迪[di]M技[ji]术[shu],适[shi]合[he]收[shou]藏[cang]和[he]分[fen]享[xiang])在[zai]大[da]家[jia]印[yin]象[xiang]中[zhong],比[bi]亚[ya]迪[di]以[yi]前[qian]的[de]插[cha]电[dian]式[shi]混[hun]动[dong]车[che]型[xing]都[du]是[shi]偏[pian]重[zhong]动[dong]力[li]性[xing]能[nen],譬[pi]如[ru]“科[ke]技[ji]”,强[qiang]调[diao]的[de]是[shi]加[jia]速[su]时[shi]间[jian]秒[miao]内[na],搭[da]载[zai]电[dian]四[si]驱[qu]系[xi]统[tong],百[bai]公[gong]里[li]综[zong]合[he]油[you]耗[hao]在[zai]以[yi]内[na]。这[zhe]里[li]我[wo]跟[gen]大[da]家[jia]简[jian]单[dan]普[pu]及[ji]一[yi]下[xia]比[bi]亚[ya]迪[di]M双[shuang]模[mo]混[hun]动[dong]技[ji]术[shu]的[de]发[fa]展[zhan]历[li]史[shi]:第[di]一[yi]代[dai]M技[ji]术[shu]的[de]代[dai]表[biao]车[che]型[xing]是[shi]比[bi]亚[ya]迪[di]M,该[gai]车[che]型[xing]采[cai]用[yong]的[de]是[shi]双[shuang]电[dian]机[ji]串[chuan]并[bing]联[lian]的[de]方[fang]式[shi],实[shi]现[xian]了[liao]一[yi]半[ban]是[shi]燃[ran]油[you],一[yi]半[ban]是[shi]电[dian]动[dong]的[de]混[hun]动[dong]方[fang]式[shi]。第[di]二[er]代[dai]M技[ji]术[shu]在[zai]充[chong]分[fen]发[fa]挥[hui]电[dian]机[ji]输[shu]出[chu]强[qiang]大[da]动[dong]力[li]的[de]特[te]性[xing]上[shang],继[ji]续[xu]以[yi]的[de]架[jia]构[gou]为[wei]基[ji]础[chu],增[zeng]大[da]电[dian]池[chi]容[rong]量[liang],推[tui]出[chu]了[liao]纯[chun]电[dian]续[xu]航[hang]里[li]程[cheng]为[wei]以[yi]及[ji]的[de]秦[qin]M、唐[tang]M和[he]宋[song]M。第[di]三[san]代[dai]M技[ji]术[shu]是[shi]在[zai]第[di]二[er]代[dai]M技[ji]术[shu]的[de]基[ji]础[chu]上[shang],新[xin]增[zeng]了[liao]高[gao]电[dian]压[ya]的[de]电[dian]机[ji],通[tong]过[guo]优[you]化[hua]控[kong]制[zhi]策[ce]略[lue]以[yi]及[ji]在[zai]电[dian]机[ji]的[de]帮[bang]助[zhu]下[xia],实[shi]现[xian]更[geng]低[di]油[you]耗[hao]、更[geng]优[you]的[de]表[biao]现[xian]以[yi]及[ji]更[geng]强[qiang]的[de]动[dong]力[li]性[xing]能[nen]。来[lai]到[dao]年[nian],比[bi]亚[ya]迪[di]M技[ji]术[shu]进[jin]化[hua]到[dao]第[di]四[si]代[dai],划[hua]分[fen]为[wei]M和[he]M。以[yi]前[qian]在[zai]售[shou]的[de]M车[che]型[xing]都[du]会[hui]划[hua]归[gui]M平[ping]台[tai],侧[ce]重[zhong]强[qiang]劲[jing]的[de]动[dong]力[li]性[xing]能[nen]。比[bi]亚[ya]迪[di]M则[ze]是[shi]是[shi]在[zai]第[di]一[yi]代[dai]M基[ji]础[chu]上[shang]进[jin]化[hua]升[sheng]级[ji]而[er]来[lai],该[gai]技[ji]术[shu]的[de]关[guan]键[jian]词[ci]是[shi]大[da]电[dian]机[ji]大[da]电[dian]池[chi],且[qie]采[cai]用[yong]双[shuang]电[dian]机[ji]串[chuan]、并[bing]联[lian]的[de]连[lian]接[jie]方[fang]式[shi]。诞[dan]生[sheng]于[yu]M平[ping]台[tai]的[de]新[xin]车[che]则[ze]注[zhu]重[zhong]一[yi]件[jian]事[shi]:省[sheng]油[you]、省[sheng]油[you]、省[sheng]油[you]!同[tong]时[shi],M平[ping]台[tai]的[de]新[xin]车[che]还[huai]会[hui]兼[jian]顾[gu]一[yi]定[ding]的[de]动[dong]力[li]性[xing]能[nen],接[jie]下[xia]来[lai]我[wo]逐[zhu]一[yi]细[xi]说[shuo]。比[bi]亚[ya]迪[di]M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong]是[shi]基[ji]于[yu]第[di]一[yi]代[dai]M技[ji]术[shu]平[ping]台[tai]打[da]造[zao]的[de]全[quan]新[xin]动[dong]力[li]架[jia]构[gou],采[cai]用[yong]的[de]是[shi]双[shuang]电[dian]机[ji]串[chuan]并[bing]联[lian]动[dong]力[li]架[jia]构[gou],其[qi]中[zhong]“”即[ji],指[zhi]智[zhi]慧[hui]、节[jie]能[nen]、高[gao]效[xiao],满[man]足[zu]“追[zhui]求[qiu]更[geng]低[di]行[xing]车[che]油[you]耗[hao]”的[de]用[yong]户[hu]。M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong]由[you]骁[xiao]云[yun]插[cha]混[hun]专[zhuan]用[yong]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]、电[dian]混[hun]系[xi]统[tong]、M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong]专[zhuan]用[yong]功[gong]率[lv]型[xing]刀[dao]片[pian]电[dian]池[chi]、交[jiao]直[zhi]流[liu]车[che]载[zai]充[chong]电[dian]器[qi]等[deng]核[he]心[xin]零[ling]部[bu]件[jian]组[zu]成[cheng]。从[cong]动[dong]力[li]总[zong]成[cheng]模[mo]型[xing]来[lai]看[kan],M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong]在[zai]布[bu]局[ju]上[shang]十[shi]分[fen]紧[jin]凑[cu]灵[ling]活[huo],热[re]效[xiao]率[lv]非[fei]常[chang]高[gao]的[de]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]与[yu]电[dian]混[hun]系[xi]统[tong]通[tong]过[guo]湿[shi]式[shi]离[li]合[he]器[qi]相[xiang]连[lian],动[dong]力[li]总[zong]成[cheng]系[xi]统[tong]功[gong]率[lv]为[wei]W。、什[shi]么[me]是[shi]电[dian]混[hun]系[xi]统[tong]M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong]搭[da]载[zai]的[de]电[dian]混[hun]系[xi]统[tong]包[bao]含[han]了[liao]两[liang]台[tai]电[dian]机[ji],发[fa]电[dian]机[ji]以[yi]及[ji]驱[qu]动[dong]电[dian]机[ji],是[shi]的[de]电[dian]机[ji]架[jia]构[gou]。这[zhe]套[tao]电[dian]混[hun]系[xi]统[tong]按[an]照[zhao]功[gong]率[lv]划[hua]分[fen]有[you]三[san]款[kuan],分[fen]别[bie]是[shi]、和[he]。数[shu]字[zi]代[dai]表[biao]的[de]是[shi]电[dian]混[hun]系[xi]统[tong]的[de]峰[feng]值[zhi]功[gong]率[lv],譬[pi]如[ru]秦[qin]M尊[zun]贵[gui]型[xing]和[he]旗[qi]舰[jian]型[xing],搭[da]载[zai]的[de]是[shi],它[ta]的[de]电[dian]混[hun]系[xi]统[tong]峰[feng]值[zhi]功[gong]率[lv]就[jiu]是[shi]W。M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong]搭[da]载[zai]的[de]驱[qu]动[dong]电[dian]机[ji]和[he]发[fa]电[dian]机[ji]均[jun]是[shi]转[zhuan]速[su]高[gao]达[da]转[zhuan]的[de]扁[bian]线[xian]电[dian]机[ji],优[you]点[dian]就[jiu]是[shi]体[ti]积[ji]小[xiao]、材[cai]料[liao]省[sheng]、效[xiao]率[lv]高[gao]、导[dao]热[re]强[qiang]、温[wen]升[sheng]低[di]、噪[zao]音[yin]小[xiao]等[deng]等[deng]。值[zhi]得[de]一[yi]提[ti]的[de]是[shi],这[zhe]个[ge]成[cheng]型[xing]绕[rao]组[zu]电[dian]机[ji]效[xiao]率[lv]高[gao]达[da],效[xiao]率[lv]相[xiang]当[dang]高[gao]。电[dian]控[kong]方[fang]面[mian],M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong]采[cai]用[yong]的[de]是[shi]比[bi]亚[ya]迪[di]第[di]四[si]代[dai]技[ji]术[shu],拥[yong]有[you]完[wan]全[quan]自[zi]主[zhu]知[zhi]识[shi]产[chan]权[quan],其[qi]电[dian]控[kong]综[zong]合[he]效[xiao]率[lv]高[gao]达[da]。从[cong]结[jie]构[gou]上[shang]看[kan],电[dian]混[hun]系[xi]统[tong]完[wan]全[quan]取[qu]代[dai]了[liao]传[chuan]统[tong]的[de]机[ji]械[xie]变[bian]速[su]箱[xiang],取[qu]消[xiao]了[liao]令[ling]消[xiao]费[fei]者[zhe]担[dan]心[xin]的[de]双[shuang]离[li]合[he]变[bian]速[su]箱[xiang]。传[chuan]动[dong]方[fang]面[mian]改[gai]用[yong]了[liao]和[he]电[dian]动[dong]车[che]相[xiang]似[si]的[de]单[dan]级[ji]减[jian]速[su]器[qi]直[zhi]接[jie]驱[qu]动[dong],因[yin]此[ci]可[ke]完[wan]全[quan]把[ba]搭[da]载[zai]M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong]的[de]新[xin]车[che]当[dang]作[zuo]电[dian]动[dong]车[che]来[lai]用[yong],享[xiang]受[shou]与[yu]电[dian]动[dong]车[che]一[yi]样[yang]安[an]静[jing]舒[shu]适[shi]的[de]驾[jia]乘[cheng]体[ti]验[yan]。、M采[cai]用[yong]刀[dao]片[pian]电[dian]池[chi]也[ye]讲[jiang]究[jiu]快[kuai]充[chong]M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong]专[zhuan]用[yong]功[gong]率[lv]型[xing]刀[dao]片[pian]电[dian]池[chi]即[ji]是[shi]磷[lin]酸[suan]铁[tie]锂[li]电[dian]池[chi],电[dian]池[chi]电[dian]量[liang]为[wei]W,纯[chun]电[dian]续[xu]航[hang],其[qi]中[zhong]长[chang]续[xu]航[hang]版[ban]本[ben]支[zhi]持[chi]快[kuai]充[chong],充[chong]电[dian]倍[bei]率[lv]高[gao]达[da],分[fen]钟[zhong]即[ji]可[ke]将[jiang]电[dian]量[liang]从[cong]充[chong]至[zhi],分[fen]钟[zhong]即[ji]可[ke]将[jiang]电[dian]量[liang]从[cong]充[chong]至[zhi]。M超[chao]级[ji]混[hun]动[dong]底[di]盘[pan]模[mo]型[xing]刀[dao]片[pian]电[dian]池[chi]最[zui]大[da]的[de]优[you]势[shi]在[zai]于[yu]安[an]全[quan]性[xing]能[nen]高[gao],符[fu]合[he]针[zhen]刺[ci]测[ce]试[shi]标[biao]准[zhun];并[bing]且[qie]空[kong]间[jian]利[li]用[yong]率[lv]高[gao]、灵[ling]活[huo]性[xing]强[qiang],它[ta]没[mei]有[you]模[mo]组[zu]结[jie]构[gou],体[ti]积[ji]效[xiao]率[lv]高[gao]达[da],扁[bian]平[ping]模[mo]块[kuai]化[hua]设[she]计[ji]使[shi]得[de]它[ta]的[de]电[dian]池[chi]包[bao]尺[chi]寸[cun]灵[ling]活[huo]性[xing]更[geng]强[qiang],把[ba]宽[kuan]敞[chang]的[de]车[che]厢[xiang]空[kong]间[jian]还[huai]给[gei]驾[jia]乘[cheng]者[zhe];再[zai]者[zhe]就[jiu]是[shi]它[ta]采[cai]用[yong]了[liao]蜂[feng]窝[wo]铝[lv]板[ban]结[jie]构[gou],强[qiang]度[du]更[geng]高[gao],更[geng]能[nen]保[bao]护[hu]电[dian]池[chi]的[de]安[an]全[quan]。、插[cha]混[hun]专[zhuan]用[yong]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]省[sheng]油[you]也[ye]靠[kao]它[ta]在[zai]去[qu]年[nian]月[yue],比[bi]亚[ya]迪[di]正[zheng]式[shi]发[fa]布[bu]了[liao]这[zhe]台[tai]代[dai]号[hao]的[de]阿[a]特[te]金[jin]森[sen]循[xun]环[huan]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji],它[ta]是[shi]一[yi]台[tai]插[cha]混[hun]专[zhuan]用[yong]的[de]高[gao]效[xiao]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji],压[ya]缩[suo]比[bi]高[gao]达[da]:,最[zui]大[da]功[gong]率[lv]W,峰[feng]值[zhi]扭[niu]矩[ju],最[zui]高[gao]热[re]效[xiao]率[lv]达[da]到[dao],符[fu]合[he]国[guo]六[liu]排[pai]放[fang]标[biao]准[zhun]。除[chu]了[liao]高[gao]压[ya]缩[suo]比[bi],这[zhe]款[kuan]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]还[huai]将[jiang]空[kong]调[diao]压[ya]缩[suo]机[ji]、真[zhen]空[kong]泵[beng]等[deng]附[fu]件[jian]全[quan]部[bu]改[gai]为[wei]电[dian]力[li]驱[qu]动[dong],以[yi]减[jian]少[shao]摩[mo]擦[ca]阻[zu]力[li];加[jia]上[shang]智[zhi]能[nen]热[re]管[guan]理[li]技[ji]术[shu]、发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]分[fen]体[ti]冷[ling]却[que]技[ji]术[shu]等[deng]等[deng]的[de]应[ying]用[yong],最[zui]终[zhong]实[shi]现[xian]超[chao]低[di]油[you]耗[hao]表[biao]现[xian]。、插[cha]混[hun]专[zhuan]用[yong]涡[wo]轮[lun]增[zeng]压[ya]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]唐[tang]M搭[da]载[zai]骁[xiao]云[yun]插[cha]混[hun]专[zhuan]用[yong]涡[wo]轮[lun]增[zeng]压[ya]高[gao]效[xiao]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]的[de]动[dong]力[li]更[geng]强[qiang]一[yi]些[xie],它[ta]的[de]最[zui]大[da]功[gong]率[lv]为[wei]W,峰[feng]值[zhi]扭[niu]矩[ju]达[da]到[dao]。它[ta]采[cai]用[yong]米[mi]勒[le]循[xun]环[huan],压[ya]缩[suo]比[bi]高[gao]达[da]到[dao]:,同[tong]样[yang]取[qu]消[xiao]了[liao]轮[lun]系[xi]结[jie]构[gou]并[bing]采[cai]用[yong]了[liao]低[di]摩[mo]擦[ca]设[she]计[ji],峰[feng]值[zhi]热[re]效[xiao]率[lv]达[da]到[dao]了[liao],在[zai]涡[wo]轮[lun]增[zeng]压[ya]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]领[ling]域[yu],这[zhe]样[yang]高[gao]的[de]热[re]效[xiao]率[lv]也[ye]是[shi]比[bi]较[jiao]少[shao]见[jian]。今[jin]年[nian]月[yue]底[di]上[shang]市[shi]的[de]唐[tang]M将[jiang]搭[da]载[zai]这[zhe]款[kuan]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]。这[zhe]款[kuan]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]在[zai]结[jie]构[gou]上[shang]还[huai]有[you]一[yi]个[ge]特[te]点[dian],就[jiu]是[shi]采[cai]用[yong]了[liao]可[ke]变[bian]截[jie]面[mian]涡[wo]轮[lun]增[zeng]压[ya]器[qi],它[ta]可[ke]以[yi]控[kong]制[zhi]废[fei]气[qi]的[de]流[liu]速[su],从[cong]而[er]达[da]到[dao]涡[wo]轮[lun]转[zhuan]速[su]的[de]目[mu]的[de]。在[zai]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]转[zhuan]速[su]较[jiao]低[di]时[shi],可[ke]以[yi]加[jia]快[kuai]废[fei]气[qi]的[de]流[liu]速[su],驱[qu]动[dong]涡[wo]轮[lun]加[jia]速[su],以[yi]尽[jin]快[kuai]建[jian]立[li]压[ya]力[li];在[zai]发[fa]动[dong]机[ji]转[zhuan]速[su]较[jiao]高[gao]时[shi],可[ke]以[yi]减[jian]慢[man]废[fei]气[qi]流[liu]速[su],避[bi]免[mian]涡[wo]轮[lun]超[chao]速[su]或[huo]者[zhe]产[chan]生[sheng]排[pai]气[qi]回[hui]压[ya]。

原标题:

油耗低至3.8L/以电为主 深度解析比亚迪DM-i超级混动

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